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A migraine is a specific type of headache. All headaches are not migraines. A migraine is caused by abnormal brain activity. It may be due to widening or narrowing of the blood vessels in the head. It may last for a couple of hours or even a few days. There are two types of migraine headaches: Classic migraine or migraine with aura − It often starts with some problems in your eyesight called auras. You may see spots, dots, or even zigzag lines. An aura is the signal that a migraine is coming. It is followed by a very bad headache on one side of the head. Noise, light, and other activities can make it worse. Sometimes, it comes with upset stomach and throwing up. Common migraine or migraine without aura − This migraine happens without the signal that the headache is coming. Migraines can be treated with different drugs. Some drugs treat the pain. Other drugs stop the brain activity that causes the migraine. If migraines happen often, drugs that prevent migraines can help. Migraines can be helped by sleep. Stress control like exercise, relaxation, and a regular routine of good nutrition and sleep are all helpful in preventing migraines. Lifestyle and dietary changes may also help you deal with a migraine.

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